Most people who have MS usually get around without help. But there may be a time when you’ll need to use a cane or a walker to make it easier. About 25% of people with the condition eventually need a wheelchair.
MS is not considered a fatal disease. And you can’t catch it from someone else.
If other people in your family have the disease, you may be more likely to get it at some point.
We’ll work with you to create a treatment plan that takes into account your unique history and needs. When choosing a treatment, we’ll discuss:
There is no cure for MS (multiple sclerosis), but early, aggressive treatment at the earliest signs of the disease can prevent recurrent attacks.
No single test exists to diagnose this condition. Instead, neurologists and MS specialists make a diagnosis by gathering information from your medical history, physical exams, imaging and lab test results.
The most common early symptoms include:
Less-common warning signs may be:
As the disease gets worse, other symptoms may include heat sensitivity, fatigue, and changes in thinking.
Set up care with a primary care provider to maintain good general health, get your vaccinations, and develop strategies for maintaining low-stress levels, conserving energy, and reducing your risk of illness. Incorporating healthy diets and physical activity into your lifestyle plays a large role in the management of MS.
Doctors still don’t understand why people get the disease, but genetics, a person’s environment, and possibly even viruses may play a role.
Researchers think MS may be a condition that parents can pass to their children through genes. First-, second- and third-degree relatives of people with the disease have a higher risk of getting it.
Some scientists think people might get multiple sclerosis because they’re born with genes that make their bodies react to a trigger in the environment. Once they’re exposed to it, their immune system starts targeting their own tissues.
Contact your provider, who may want to order blood tests or imaging and prescribe steroid treatment.
A positive attitude can lower your stress and help you feel better.
Exercise techniques like tai chi and yoga can relax you and give you more energy, balance, and flexibility. Always check with your doctor before you start a new fitness routine. Don’t exercise so hard that you feel exhausted.
It’s always a good idea to eat a healthy, well-balanced diet, too. Ask your doctor what foods are right for you.
Numbness or weakness, usually affecting one side of your body at a time. pain when moving your eyes. loss or disturbance of vision, usually in one eye at a time. tingling.
If you learn that you are pregnant, contact your MS provider, especially if you’re on treatment. Some treatments are safer during pregnancy and breastfeeding than others.
Commonly called “attacks,” “exacerbations,” or “flare-ups,” MS relapses happen when new symptoms suddenly appear or old symptoms worsen for more than 24 hours. Relapses can last from several days up to several weeks.
Multiple sclerosis is a disease that causes inflammation in the brain and spinal cord. It can cause:
An average life span of 25 to 35 years after the diagnosis of MS is often stated. Some of the most common causes of death in MS patients are secondary complications resulting from immobility, chronic urinary tract infections, and compromised swallowing and breathing.
It’s easy to feel overwhelmed by all the different medications and therapies that can help people with MS.
The first step is to learn about your treatment options and talk about them with your doctor. Think about how well the treatment is supposed to work, any possible side effects, how you’ll take the therapy, and how it fits with your lifestyle.
Your doctor is a good source for information about the different types of treatments. They also can recommend MS support groups and other professionals who can help you.
MS occurs more often in women than in men. Most people are diagnosed with MS between the ages of 20 and 50 years. It can also occur in children and older adults.
We don’t know. Current research is looking at outcomes in stable patients who stop treatment.